Some crickets have wings while other species are wingless. The winged crickets hold their wings, which cover approximately 50 percent of their abdomens, against their bodies. All crickets have long antennae that are roughly half of the size of their total body length.
There are two different kinds of crickets: field crickets and house crickets. Field crickets are slightly larger and black. They can grow to be 1 ¼ inches in length. House crickets, on the other hand are light brown and yellowish in color with three distinct dark brown stripes on their heads. House crickets often do not grow to be any bigger than ½ inch. House crickets prefer warm places and tend to live near fireplaces or in the kitchen. In warmer areas of the country they may also live in garbage dumps.
Crickets are nocturnal and are most active during the night. They are also very attracted to lights.
Field crickets eat all types of field crops such as wheat, oats, or rye. Due to this fact, they have been known to cause extensive damage to farmer's fields. They can also be destructive to textiles like wool, cotton, or furs. If necessary, they also have been known to eat other insects including crickets and grasshoppers. House crickets have a slightly different diet. They will eat just about anything but have a particular taste for beer or sweet vinegar.
They reproduce prolifically much like the cockroach. The female lays her eggs on the ground during the winter. When spring comes, the eggs hatch and the young crickets look much like an adult cricket except they do not have wings. Young crickets have to shed their skin a few times before their wings will develop.
Crickets generally live less than one year. During their lifetime, however, they develop excellent vision and hearing. They have compound eyes which allow them to see in many different directions at the same time. They also have strong back legs that allow them to jump exceptionally high. Many crickets also have small wings on their backs. In most cases, however, these wings do not allow them to fly.