Bed bugs are parasites that feed on human blood. They use the blood meal to grow and multiply in number. That bed bugs feed on human blood implies that not only are they a nuisance simply by their presence but they also cause irritation when they bite to draw blood. This problem is worsened by the fact that bed bugs can also feed on blood from common home pets such as cats and dogs. Controlling them is thus very necessary to ensure that our safety as well as that of our pets is guaranteed.
To control bed bugs, it is first important to understand their behavior. Bed bugs usually cluster together in favorable hiding places. However, there are certain species of bed bugs that live by themselves, far from the site of an infestation. The best way to determine if there is a bed bug infestation is to search for bedbugs in places where you sleep or rest, such as beds and seats. In bedrooms, bed bugs are likely to be found around mattresses, box springs, folds, bed frames, tufts, furniture, under the carpet, in cracks on floors and walls, and behind wall papers, pictures, clocks and so on. Such infestations can also occur in other rooms such as the living room and the laundry room.
Once you have detected a bed bug infestation, you can embark on the process of getting rid of the insects. You can use heat or cold processes to remove bedbugs. You can also use bed bug interceptors, encasements and insecticides to keep bed bugs off your premises. Heating involves using a washing machine and dryer to kill bugs that may have infested clothes. Laundering clothes at 122 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 minutes will ensure that all stages of bed bugs are killed. For cold processes, you can expose bed bugs to temperatures as low as zero degrees Fahrenheit to ensure that they are killed. To do this, you need to place the infested objects in a freezer for about seven to ten days. Keeping other objects such as beds and furniture outside in the cold can also help to immobilize bed bugs.
You can also use encasements to deter the spread of bedbugs. An encasement is a fabric cover that completely encloses box springs or mattresses. It creates a barrier that prevents bed bugs from moving into or escaping from box springs and mattresses. You can purchase encasements from professional pest control service providers or retail shops. Similarly, you can use bed bug interceptors to prevent bugs from climbing onto furniture, beds and other items. Alternatively, you can use insecticides to kill bedbugs. The use of insecticides is however discouraged because most insecticides have become ineffective. Therefore, it is important to use the services of professional pest control firms since such companies know the most effective means to control bedbug infestations in different areas.
Even though the methods that have been discussed above can be effective at controlling bedbugs, the most important step is to prevent infestations. This starts by maintaining high standards of sanitation and hygiene to ensure that the bugs have no place to hide.